Maine Coons at a Glance
Despite their size, the Maine Coon cat is sweet-tempered, gentle and friendly and gets along with just about everyone. They have a clown-like personality and are willing to ‘help’ their owners, yet aren’t demanding of attention. Find out more about this breed and if the Maine Coon is right for you and your family.
- Temperament: Friendly, Intelligent, Gentle
- Height/Weight Range: Maine Coons don’t typically reach full maturity until they are 4 years of age.
- Adult females: Females are typically somewhat smaller at 12 to 15 pounds, but still larger than average for a cat.
- Adult males: Males are quite large with healthy weights that are usually around 18 to 22 pounds
- Colors: The Maine Coon breed is available in a variety of colors and patterns except pointed (pale body and relatively darker extremities, i.e. the face, ears, feet, tail and in males, scrotum). The most typical colors and patterns are brown, red (orange) or silver tabbies (with or without white), and in classic (bold, swirling patterns along his sides — much like a marble cake), mackerel (vertical, gently curving stripes on the side of the body) or ticked patterns. In most recent years, breeders have been producing solid colored cats in black, white, and blue (grey).
- Life Expectancy: 12.5+ years.
About the Maine Coon
The Maine Coon is a beautiful and loving cat that you will treasure having in your life.
Social by nature, they make excellent companions for large, active families of all ages that also enjoy having dogs and other animals, including other cats. Despite their size, Maine coons are among the gentlest of cats and tend to follow their people room-to-room as constant companions, if not always lap cats. While sometimes mischievous, Maine Coon antics are good-natured and easily forgiven by adoring owners.
Kittens are of course, more active than their adult counterparts, but if encouraged, most Maine Coons remain playful their whole lives. Interactive toys can provide both exercise and bonding time, while many play fetch, walk on a leash, and entertain their family by following simple commands (for a reward, of course!)
TICA Regions, Clubs & Rescues
Want to connect with fellow cat lovers and those who love the same breed as you?
Find a Kitten: TICA Breeders
The TICA website is the only place where you can find TICA member breeders who have signed the TICA Code of Ethics.
The coat of a young kitten tends to be thinner and shorter as compared to that of an adult Maine Coon. The mature Maine Coon has a two-layered coat which is shorter around the shoulder and longer around the underbelly, britches and ruff. Coat type/texture can vary based on the color and/or their ancestral lineage. Some have cottony, high maintenance coats that need daily combing and regular grooming. Others have a silky coat that doesn’t need as much attention. However, regular combing for all coat textures should be started from a kitten age and continued throughout their lives. The Maine Coon loves the attention and grooming, but some find it easier to keep them in a “lion cut” rather than keep up with the daily grooming.
Nails should be trimmed more frequently (once a week) when the Maine Coon is a kitten and less frequently (every 2-3 weeks) as an adult. As with any cat, regular teeth brushing is recommended. Talk to your vet for instructions and suggestions.
As with all cats, the Maine Coon needs proper protein and nutrients. A high-quality diet rich in higher protein and lower carbohydrates is recommended. After altering (spaying/neutering), they have a greater tendency to become overweight. Owners should be aware of both the quality and quantity of foods being fed. If the Maine Coon is fed a high quality, properly balanced diet, it generally only needs about 2/3 to ¾ of a cup of food per day.
As with all cats, it is important to give your cat fresh, clean water daily so they don’t hesitate to drink. If you worry about your cat drinking enough water each day, here's a tip from some cat behaviorists - place the water bowl at least three feet away from any food. Cats’ noses are sensitive and an overwhelming smell of food may cause them to drink less. Filtered drinking fountains can also be used in place of a water bowl.
Responsible breeders will test their cats for Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (“HCM”) with evaluation by both genetic DNA testing as well as with periodic echocardiograms that have been evaluated by a Board Certified veterinary cardiologist. Genetic testing by itself is helpful, but not all mutations have been identified and researchers believe there are many different DNA mutations associated with this disease. Only Maine Coons that are proven free of heart disease by echocardiogram and negative for the HCM mutation (A31P) should be used in breeding.
As a large breed, Maine coons may be susceptible to joint disorders. Many breeders will also test their breeding cats for feline hip dysplasia (Xray) and luxating patella (Xray and/or physical exam). Additionally DNA screening for SMA (spinal muscular atrophy) and pyruvate kinase deficiency is becoming more commonplace by breeders.
One of the oldest natural breeds in North America, the Maine Coon is generally regarded as a native of the state of Maine (in fact, the Maine Coon is the official State Cat of Maine). A number of legends surround its origin. The most common, but biologically impossible, is that it originated from matings between semi-wild, domestic cats and raccoons. This myth, bolstered by the bushy tail and the most common coloring (a raccoon-like brown tabby) led to the adoption of the name 'Maine Coon. Another popular theory is that the Maine sprang from the six pet cats which Marie Antoinette sent to Wiscasset, Maine when she was planning to escape from France during the French Revolution.
Most breeders today believe Maine Coons originated in matings between pre-existing shorthaired domestic cats and overseas longhairs (perhaps Angora types introduced by New England seamen, or longhairs brought to America by the Vikings).
Did You Know?
Maine Coons are the only native longhaired American breed among pedigreed cats. One of the oldest natural breeds in North America, the Maine Coon is generally regarded as a native of the state of Maine, where it was made the official state cat of Maine in 1985.
Maine Coons will often chirp and trill rather than meow to communicate with their people. Maine Coons don't typically "meow;" they chirp and trill (a mixture of a meow and a purr). Cats may chirp when they spot prey and a trill is often made when they are happy.
Move over Hemingway cats, Maine Coons sometimes have six toes and are identified by TICA as Maine Coon Polydactyls. Early in the breed’s development, Maine Coons were often polydactyls, meaning they were born with extra appendages on their paws. Stemming from a genetic mutation, it is believed this helped them use their paws as “natural snowshoes” during snowy Maine winters.
Most Maine Coon’s actually like water. While other cats will steer clear of a full bathtub, a Maine Coon will happily take a bath. Their water-resistant fur also helps make them good swimmers.
The Breed Standard
The Maine Coon is America's native longhaired cat. The breed, with its essentially amiable disposition, developed through a natural selection process where only the fittest survived. It should always be remembered that the Maine Coon developed basically as a "working cat" able to fend for itself in rough, woody terrain and under extreme climatic conditions. The Maine Coon is a large breed with big ears, broad chest, substantial boning, a long, hard-muscled, rectangular body and a long, flowing tail, and large feet with tufts.
For More Information On The Maine Coon Breed
Maine Coon Breed
Accepted For Championship in TICA in 1979
- Maine Coon Breed At A Glance
- Breed Introduction
- Printable Breed Introduction
- Maine Coon Breeders
- Breed Standards
- Breed Committee
- Breed Seminar
Photos used courtesy of © Helmi Flick Cat Photography.